Dear friends in today’s post I would like to explain powers and functions of President Of India. As an citizens of India we have so many questions who elects President, what are powers and functions of President Of India. Let me explain some details.
President Of India:
First of all he is the head of the Indian state and first citizen of India. Article 53 of Indian constitution gives the executive power of the union shall be vested in President.
The powers and functions of President Of India can be classified into 1. Executive 2. Legislative 3. Financial 4. Judicial 5. Diplomatic and Military
1. Executive powers and functions of President Of India:
The ministers and prime minister of India are appointed by the President. He also appoints chief justice and judges of supreme Court and high Court. He also has power to appoint state governor, the attorney general, chief commissioner and members of election commission.
2. Legislative powers and functions of President Of India:
President Of India nominates the members of the both houses. All the bills passed in the parliament needs consent of the president before becoming law. He lays reports of CAG, UPSC and finance commission. He has power to dissolve the Lok Sabha.
3. Financial powers of the president of India:
Without prior permission of the President no money bill can be presented before the Lok Sabha. Budget is presented before the Lok Sabha by the union finance minister only with the permission of President Of India. Income tax and jute export tax is distributed by President of Indian between state and the center.
4. Judicial powers of President Of India:
The president of India has power to grant pardon and he may also reduce the sentence of punishment. Under article 143 of Indian constitution president can seek the advisory opinion of the supreme Court.
5. Diplomatic and Military powers of President Of India:
The President of India is the supreme commander of the Indian Armed Forces and all international treaties and agreements are negotiated and concluded on behalf of the President of India. He also represents India in international forums and affairs.